Quintana Roo turns 41! Feliz cumpleaños!
Today is Quintana Roo’s birthday! It was October 8, 1974 when Quintana Roo was granted statehood within the Mexican States, making it the youngest state in the Mexican Republic.
Up until the late 20th century, Quintana Roo was sparsely populated. It wasn’t until the early 1970s that the area began its development as a tourist destination. The state of Quintana Roo is home to popular tourist destinations like Cancun, Isla Mujeres, Cozumel, Puerto Morelos, Playa del Carmen and Tulum.
Tourism accounts for 91 percent of the state’s economy. After tourism, the most significant industries include agriculture, livestock, forestry, beekeeping and fishing. Even though Quintana Roo is one of the most popular destinations for global travelers, the state contributes just 1.34 percent of the national gross domestic product, raking it 24 out of 31 states.Pre-Mayan cultures along the Yucatan Peninsula date back to about 3,000 BC, however, it was during the 10th century when the Mayan group, Itzáes, migrated to the area and built the cities of Coba, Xcaret, Xel Ha and Tulum. They also founded Chichén-Itzá and Champotón nearby in what would become the state of Yucatán.
After many years of battling the Spaniards, a well-known lawyer named Andrés Quintana Roo, who was born in the city of Mérida in the neighboring state of Yucatán, fought hard in support of Mexico’s independence.
Andrés Quintana Roo was instrumental in shaping Mexico’s formal declaration of independence, serving in a wide variety of legislative and judicial posts as the new Mexican government took shape. In recognition of his contributions, President Porfirio Díaz named the new state after Quintana Roo in 1902.